Broiler Starter Feeds The objective of the starter/brooding period (0 to 10 days of age) is to establish good appetite and achieve maximum early growth. The target is to achieve a seven-day body weight of 170 g or above.
should be given for ten days. The Starter represents a small proportion of the total feed cost and decisions on Starter formulation should be based on performance and profitability rather than cost. The digestible amino acid levels in the feed are important aspects and must be considered when purchasing feed.
(See Table 1) In wheat-feeding areas the use of some maize may be beneficial. Total fat levels should be kept low (<5%) and saturated fats should be avoided, especially in combination with wheat.
Broiler Grower feed will normally be fed for 14 to 16 days. The transition from Starter feed to Grower feed will involve a change of texture from crumbs to pellets. There is a continuing need for a good quality Grower feed to maximize performance.
Broiler Finisher feeds account for the major cost of feeding and economic principles should be applied to the design of these feeds. Changes in body composition can be rapid during this period and excessive fat deposition and loss of breast meat yield need to be carefully considered.
Nutrient Specifications for As-Hatched Broilers Grown to 4.4-5.5 lb liveweight.
From Ross 308 mgmt guide
Alfalfa is good, but the soils of New England are acid and require a lot of lime and soil treatment. Ladino clover has been found to be a productive plant of high palatability for poultry.
Types of legumes and grasses for Pasture Forage: White and red clover or Ladino clover, Orchard grass, Kentucky blue grass, Perennial rye grass and, Alfalfa University research shows that chickens get only 10-15% of dry matter for their diet from the pasture itself, and turkeys up to 30%, so supplementation with other feeds is important, such as corn, or wheat and soybean meal, and vitamins and minerals.
Here are some mixtures from 1947, when pasture was at a peak. Keep pasture mowed to increase new growth of fresh plant.
Example Pasture Mixtures: (per acre)
-12 lbs of Kentucky Bluegrass
-6 lbs of perennial rye grass
-2 lbs of Ladino clover From Cornell
-6 lbs of Kentucky bluegrass
-10 lbs of perennial ryegrass
-4 lbs of Canada bluegrass
-2 lbs of Redtop
-2 lbs of Ladino clover
-1 lb of White clover From Penn State
-8 lbs Kentucky Bluegrass
-8 lbs Timothy
-3 lbs Alsike clover
-2 lbs Ladino clover From Univ. of Maryland
-2.5 lbs Ladino Clover
-5 lbs Domestic rye grass ( seed with clover in the spring)
-6 lbs Kentucky bluegrass (Seed in fall)
-4 lbs timothy (2 lbs in the fall)
Broiler Starter, Grower Feeds, and Finisher Feeds Broiler